Top Indian Vegetables with Local Names & Pictures

Vegetables are an indispensable element in our daily food chain. Different vegetables contain different nutrients. Contains countless nutrients. In particular, we get many benefits from vegetables grown in India. Before that, this article will tell you what are the vegetables grown in India, what is the best season to eat them and what are their names in other Indian languages.

Indian Vegetables and it’s Local Name

VegetableGrown SeasonBest to EatHindiTeluguTamil
Yam
All SeasonBetter for Both Summer and WinterSuran
(सूरन)
Kanda Vepudu
(కంద వేపుడు)
Karunai Kizhangu
(கருணை கிழங்கு)
Turnip Temperate ClimatesBetter for Both Summer and WinterShalgam
शलजम (शलगम)
Erra mullangi (ఎర్ర ముల్లంగి)Sivappu Mullangi
(சிவப்பு முள்ளங்கி)
TapiocaSummerBetter for both Summer and WinterKachalu (कचालू)Karapendalam (కర్రపెండలం)Maravalli Kilangu
(மரவள்ளி கிழங்கு)
Sweet PotatoAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterShakarkand
(शकरकंद)
chilakada dumpa
(చిలగడదుంప)
sakkaravalli kilangu
(சக்கரவள்ளி கிழங்கு)
Snake GourdSummerBetter for both Summer and WinterChichinda
(चिचिंडा)
Potlakaya
(పొట్లకాయ)
Pudalangai (புடலங்காய்)
Ridged GourdWinterBetter for both Summer and WinterTorai
(तुरई)
Beerakaya
(బీరకాయ)
Peerkangai
(பீர்க்கங்காய்)
Broad BeansAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterSurti Papdi
(सुरती पापड़ी)
Pedda Chikkudu
(పెద్ద చిక్కుడు)
avaraikkai
(அவரைக்காய்)
Fenugreek LeavesAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterMethi patta
(मेथी के पत्ते)
Menthikura
(మెంతి కూర)
Vendhaya keerai (வெந்தய கீரை)
Drum stickAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterSajjan Ki Phalli / Saigan / Shinga / Segva / Sehijjan

(सहजन)
Mulakkada
(డ్రమ్ స్టిక్)
Murungai kai
(முருங்கைக்காய்)
Cow peaAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterLobia
(लोबिया)
Bobbarlu
(అలసంద)
Thatta Payaru
(தட்டைப் பயறு)
Cluster BeansAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterGuar Fali
(गुआर फली)
Goruchikkudu
(గోరుచిక్కుడు వేపుడు)
Kothavarangai
(கொத்தவரை)
Coriander Leaves (Cilantro)All seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterHara dhaniya
(हरा धनिया)
Kottimira
(కొత్తిమీర)
Kothamalli
(கொத்தமல்லி)
BeetrootAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterChukandar
(चुकंदर)
Beetroot
(బీట్రూటు)
Beetroot
(பீட்ரூட்)
Ash gourdAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterPetha
(पेठा)
Gummadi kaaya
(గుమ్మడి కాయ)
Neer Poosanikkai
(நீர் பூசணிக்காய்)
ArtichokeAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterHathichak
(हाथी चक)
Artichoke
(దుంప)
Koonai Poo
(கூனைப்பூ)
Indian Goose berryAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterAmla
(आंवला)
Usirikaya
(ఉసిరి)
Nellikka
(நெல்லிக்காய்)
Lady FingerSummerSummerOkra
(ओकरा)
Bendakaya
(బెండకాయ)
Vendakkai
(வெண்டைக்காய்)
Egg PlantTemperate ClimatesBetter for both Summer and WinterBaingan
(बैगन)
Vanga Mokka
(వంగ మొక్క)
Kathirikai
(கத்திரிக்காய்)
Bitter GourdMaximum on WinterBetter for both Summer and WinterKarela
(करेला)
Kakara
(కాకర)
Pagarkai
(பாகற்காய்)
CauliflowerAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterGobhi
(गोभी)
Cauliflower
(కాలిఫ్లవర్)
Cauliflower
(காலிஃபிளவர்)
OnionAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterPyaaj
(प्याज)
Ullipaya
(ఉల్లిపాయ)
Vengayam
(வெங்காயம்)
Raw BananaAll seasonBetter for both Summer and WinterKacche Kele
(कच्चे केले)
Aratikaya
(అరతికాయ)
vaazhaikai
(வாழைக்காய்)
Vigna MungoWinterBetter for both Summer and WinterUrad dal
(उड़द दाल)
Minapa Pappu
(మినప పప్పు)
Karuppu Ulundhu
(கருப்பு உளுந்து)
Pigeon PeaPre WinterBetter for both Summer and WinterToor dal
(अरहर/तुअर दाल)
Kandi Pappu
(కంది పప్పు)
Thuvaram Paruppu
(துவரம் பருப்பு)
Garlicmid-autumnBetter for both Summer and WinterLahasun
(लहसुन)
Vellulli
(వెల్లుల్లి)
Poondu
(பூண்டு)
CucumberSummerSummerKakdi (ककड़ी)Dosakaya (దోస్కాయ)Vellari
(வெள்ளரி)
Green BeansJanuary-February and July-September in the plains and March to June in the hillsBetter for both Summer and WinterGreen Beans
हरी फली
Green Beans
(ఆకుపచ్చ బీన్)
Beans
(பீன்ஸ்)
CabbageCool and Moist ClimateBetter for both Summer and Winterpatta gobhi (पत्ता गोभी)Cabbage
(కాబేజీ)
Muttaikose
(முட்டைக்கோஸ்)
Amaranth LeavesIt can be grown throughout the yearBetter for both Summer and WinterChaulai (चौलाई)Thotakura
(తోటకురా)
Mulai Keerai
(முளை கீரை)
Banana FlowerBoth summer and winterBetter for both Summer and WinterKele ka phool (केलेका फूल)Arati Puvvu
(అరటిపువ్వు)
Vazhaipoo
(வாழைப்பூ)
Bell PepperWinter Better for both Summer and WinterShimla mirch
(शिमला मिर्च)
Pedda Mirappa / Bengulooru Mirapakaya
(పెద్ద మిరపకాయ)
Kudamilagai
(குடமிளகாய்)
CoconutCoconut is a tropical crop and grows well a hot climateSummerNariyal (नारियल)Kobbarikaya
(కొబ్బరి)
Thengai
(தேங்காய்)
CornWinterBetter for both Summer and WinterMakkai – मकाई or BhuttaMokkajonna
(మొక్కజొన్న)
Cholam
(சோளம்)
Curry LeavesIt does not require a specific climate and can come up in dry climate tooBetter for both Summer and WinterKari patta – कड़ी पत्ताKarivepaku
(కరివేపాకు)
Karuvepillai
(கருவேப்பிலை))
Green ChiliBoth Summer and WinterSummer and WinterHari mirch – हरी मिर्चPatchimirapa / Pachchi Mirapakayalu
pachai milagai
(பச்சை மிளகாய்)
Green PeasCool or Moderate ClimateSummer and WinterMatar
(मटर)
Pachi Batani
(పాచి బటాని)
Pattani
(பட்டாணி)

Best Vegetables in India for Summer

Cucumber

Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Assam, Telangana, Maharashtra, Kerala are the states cultivating cucumber in India.

Hindi Kakdi (ककड़ी)
TamilVellari (வெள்ளரி)
TeluguDosakaya (దోస్కాయ)
KannadaSautekayi (ಸೌತೆಕಾಯಿ)
Marathi Kakadi (काकडी)
MalayalamVellarikka (വെള്ളരിക്ക)

Cucumber Benefits

Cucumbers are low in calories. It reduce weight loss and blood sugar. You’ll also get vitamins B and C along with minerals like copper, phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium.

Lady Finger

Ladies Finger / Okra are largely cultivating in the states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

Ladies
Hindi भिन्डी (Bhindee)
Tamilவெண்டைக்காய் (Vendakai / Vendai)
Teluguలేడీస్ వేలు (Benda Kayi)
Kannadaಹೆಂಗಸರ ಬೆರಳು (Bendekai / Bende)
Marathiभेंडी (Bhendi)
Malayalamവെൻഡാക്ക (Vendakka)

Ladies Finger Benefits

Lady Finger is wealthy in cell reinforcements that may lessen your danger of serious infections, prevent inflammation, and contribute to overall health. Most remarkably, it contains polyphenols that may add to heart and cerebrum health.

Coconut

Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are the significant coconut producing states in India representing more than 90 percent of region and production.

Coconut Benefits

Weight Loss, Keeping your body hydrated and Improves Skin Health. Mainly the antifungal and antibacterial properties that will shield the scalp from lice, dandruff and bothersome scalp, which are essentially liable for diminishing hair development.

Tapioca

In India, tapioca is cultivated mainly in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Kerala and Tamil Nadu produces more than 80% of the total acreage of the crop in India.

HindiKachalu (कचालू)
TamilMaravalli Kilangu
(மரவள்ளி கிழங்கு)
TeluguKarapendalam (కర్రపెండలం)
KannadaMarageanasu (ಮರಗೆಣಸು)
Marathiaaraarott (आरारोट)
MalayalamKappa (കപ്പല്)

Tapioca Benefits

It helps to gain weight quickly. One cup of tapioca pearls provides 544 calories and 135 grams (g) of carbohydrates. It contains Calcium. So it support to strong teeth and bones. Also Tapioca is a good source of Iron.

Snake Gourd

In India, Kerala agricultural cell producing high amount of snake gourd species. Potential yield is 120 tons /acre and duration is 3 months.

HindiChichinda
(चिचिंडा)
TamilPudalangai / Podalangai
(புடலங்காய்)
TeluguPotlakaya
(పొట్లకాయ)
KannadaPadavalakai (ಪಡವಲಕಾಯಿ)
MarathiPadval (पडवळ)
MalayalamPadavalnga / Padavalam (പടവാലംഗ)

Benefits of Snake Gourds

Snake gourd, being low on calories and high in essential nutrients. So it helps to reduce weight loss. Having negligible cholesterol content, it can consumed in diet regularly for protecting heart health.

Best Vegetables in India for Winter

Onion

Major Onion producing states in India are Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand and Telangana.

Hindiप्याज (Pyaaj)
Tamilவெங்காயம் (Vengayam)
TeluguUllipaya (ఉల్లిపాయ)
KannadaIrulli (ಈರುಳ್ಳಿ)
MarathiKanda (कांदा)
MalayalamUlli (ഉള്ളി)

Onion Benefits

Onions contain antioxidants and compounds that fight inflammation, decline fatty substances and reduce cholesterol levels — all of which may bring down heart disease risk.

Ridge Gourd

Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa are the states which contributing high amount of Ridge Gourd Cultivation.

Hindiतुरई (Turai)
Tamil Peerkangai (பீர்க்கங்காய்)
TeluguBeerakaya (బీర్‌కాయ)
KannadaHirekayi (ಹೀರೆಕಾಯಿ)
MarathiRija lauki (रिज लौकी)
MalayalamAthanga (അതംഗ)

Benefits of Ridge Gourd

Ridge gourd is innately low in calories. Eating ridge gourd routinely with meals assists with relieving anemia, caused because of iron lack. Likewise, ridge gourd is plentiful in Vitamin B6, which assumes a key part in the best possible amalgamation of red platelets in the body alongside iron.

Cabbage

Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar, Assam, West Bengal, Maharashtra and Karnataka are the major cabbage producing states.

HindiPatta gobi (पत्ता गोबी)
Tamil Muttaikos (முட்டைக்கோஸ்)
TeluguCabbage (క్యాబేజీ)
KannadaElekosu (ಎಲೆಕೋಸು)
MarathiKobi (कोबी)
MalayalamMuttakoos (കാബേജ്)

Cabbage Benefits

Cabbage is rich in fiber, folate, potassium, magnesium, vitamins A, K and more. Also it helps to protect from cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and Alzheimer’s disease.

Bell Pepper

Bell Pepper growing in net house is the cost effective method in many parts of southern states particularly in and around Bangalore and also Pune.

HindiShimla mirch (शिमला मिर्च)
TamilKudaMilagai (குடமிளகாய்)
TeluguPedda Mirappa / Bengulooru Mirapakaya (పెద్ద మిరపకాయ)
KannadaDonne / Menasinakai (ಶಿಮ್ಲಾ ಮಿರ್ಚಿ)
MarathiBhopli Mirchi (भोपळी मिरची)
MalayalamParangi Mulagu (പറങ്കി മുളക്)

Bell Pepper Benefits

Bell pepper contains vitamin A, vitamin C, and potassium. So it supports healthy eyesight, particularly night vision as well as bone and skin health. Also bell peppers may enhance weight loss efforts.

Mainly it helps to protect against cancer of the prostrate, cervix, bladder and pancreas.

Carrot

In India Haryana is the leading producer of carrot cultivation. Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Assam also the other states which contribute more.

HindiGajar (गाजर)
TamilCarrot (கேரட்)
TeluguCarrot (కారెట్)
KannadaCarrot (ಗಜರಿ)
MarathiGaajar (गाजर)
MalayalamCarrot (കാരറ്റ്)

Carrot Benefits

Is your children struggling with eye sight problem? Go and buy carrot Immediately. According to the book Healing foods carrots are rich in lutein and lycopene which maintain good eyesight and vision during night.

Corn

Ten states in India cultivating around 80% of the all out zone of maize developed. Karnataka (15%) is the biggest state for maize cultivation followed by Rajasthan (13%) and Madhya Pradesh (10%).

HindiMakkai – मकाई or Bhutta
TamilCholam (சோளம்)
TeluguMokkajonna (మొక్కజొన్న)
KannadaMekke Jola (ಮೆಕ್ಕೆ ಜೋಳ)
MarathiMaka (मका)
MalayalamCholam (ചോളം)

Benefits of Corn

Corn contains high fiber content also have B Vitamins which are important to your complete health. Mainly, Corn provides essentials minerals such as zinc, magnesium, copper, iron and manganese.

Corn is a good source of the antioxidants carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin, which protect your eye health.

Indian Vegetables FAQ

What veggies should I eat every day?

Two cups of raw greens is equal to 1 cup of vegetables, and 2.5 cups is recommended daily for a 2000-calorie diet.

What is the number 1 vegetable to avoid?

Worst veggie: Starchy vegetables

Corn, peas, potatoes, pumpkin, squash, and yams tend to contain fewer vitamins and minerals and less fiber than other types of vegetables

What are the easiest vegetables to grow in pots or containers?

Carrots, sweet potatoes, squash, eggs, and green leafy vegetables contains Vitamin A & Beta Carotene which are good for eyes

What vegetables grow in 30 days?

Radishes, Salad Leaves, Bush beans, Carrots, Spinach

What vegetables help you lose belly fat?

Spinach, Mushrooms, Cauliflower, Chillies, Pumpkin, Carrot, Beans, Asparagus

Which Vegetable is best for diabetics?

Leafy green vegetables are extremely nutritious and low in calories. Also very low in digestible carbs, which raise your blood sugar levels.

Which Vegetable have high protein?

Mushrooms, Broccoli, Peas, Spinach, Sweet corns, Cauliflower.

Which Indian Vegetables are keto friendly?

Tomatoes, Eggplant, Broccoli, Cucumber, Bell pepper, Spinach, Cauliflower.

Which Indian vegetable should avoid during Pregnancy?

Eggplant or brinjal. It is considered to be fundamental in treating amenorrhoea and premenstrual disorder. it is advisable not to consume brinjal amid pregnancy.

What Indian vegetable are good during Pregnancy?

Spinach is a rich source of iron and the all-important folic acid or Vitamin B. Tomatoes are loaded with Vitamin C. Peas and broccoli should be included in a pregnancy diet.

What vegetables should not be refregirated?

Garlic, Onions, Potatoes, Corn

Which vegetables is good for eyes?

Carrots, sweet potatoes, squash, eggs, and green leafy vegetables contains Vitamin A & Beta Carotene which are good for eyes.

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